due to which the British government was forced to leave India
Gandhi Jayanti 2021 Special: Tomorrow, the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi will be celebrated with pomp all over the world including India. This will be the 152nd birthday of Bapu. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on October 2, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. By adopting non-violence, Gandhi blew such a bugle of India’s independence against the British, which was giving India freedom. Gandhiji used to advise everyone to follow the path of non-violence. That is why the International Day of Non-Violence is celebrated on the occasion of Gandhiji’s birthday. Today we will tell you about the five movements done by Gandhiji in India which got India independence from British rule.
- Five Major Movements of Gandhiji
Champaran Satyagraha – This was the first Satyagraha under the leadership of Gandhi in Champaran, Bihar. Gandhiji did this satyagraha in 1917 in support of the farmers who were forced to cultivate indigo and other cash crops instead of food grains.
Non-cooperation movement – Mahatma Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement in 1920 under the leadership of the Indian National Congress. This movement worked to fill a new energy of freedom struggle in India.
Quit Salt Movement – Quit Salt Movement is considered to be the main movement of Gandhiji. This movement started from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad on 13 March 1930. In this movement, Gandhiji along with his followers had reached Dandi village on foot for 24 days. This movement was taken out against an authority of the British Raj. This movement is also known as Dandi Yatra.
Dalit Movement – Mahatma Gandhi started this movement on 8 May 1933 against untouchability. Gandhiji founded the All India Anti-Untouchability League in 1932.
Quit India Movement – In August 1942, Gandhiji started the Quit India Movement in India. This was the biggest and most important movement of Gandhiji. Through this movement, he forced the British to leave India. During this movement, the decision to start Do or Die was also taken by Gandhiji.